Top 10 Deadliest Diseases in the World? Yea, Though the rapid development of science and medicine most especially in this current 21st century is helping a lot by eradicating a lot of diseases either by vaccination or development of powerful and effective treatments. Unfortunately, the fact still remains that there are lots of deadliest diseases in the world, some of the deadliest diseases that made this list claim millions of lives each year, mostly in the underdeveloped and developing nations, and many are preventable. Many of these diseases can be minimized or prevented through education, public health practices, prevention and adequate treatment. Here is the list of :
top 10 deadliest diseases in the world.
In as much as disease is concerned there is no way one could sideline malaria; the top 10 deadliest diseases in the world. Malaria is a deadly disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans. This parasite gets transmitted through mosquito bites and travels to the human liver, where it matures. On maturity, it releases another parasite which infects the RBCs. These parasites rapidly multiply inside the bloodstream, and result in major health problems, claiming at least a million lives every year. Practicing anti-mosquito measures, taking medicine before, during and after travel, if traveling to an area where malaria is present, can prevent malaria.
Tuberculosis is a deadly lung condition caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It’s an airborne disease that is often successfully treated. Some strains of Tuberculosis are resistant to conventional treatments. Second-line drugs used to treat these patients are in limited supply. Some strains fail to respond to second-line treatment as well.
In 2012, about 900,000 people lost their lives to Tuberculosis, according to WHO estimates. The majority of TB-related deaths happen in poorer countries. It is one of the top causes of death for people who have HIV
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Not all tumors are cancerous; benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes. Over 100 cancers affect humans.
Both men and women who use nicotine products regularly are at a high risk of contracting cancer of the bronchus, trachea or lungs. What is even worse is that it is not only the active smokers but the passive smokers as well who are at high risk. Out of all forms of cancers, this is the deadliest, claiming around 1.3 million lives each year. Prevention includes educational awareness, adopting tobacco-free policies, and smoking cessation.